Request for Contributions|
Key Diary Dates|
What is World-Wide Web?|
What you need to Participate|
Official Conference Programs|
Summary of Available Programs|
OverView on Preparing Papers|
Invited Keynote Speakers|
Sending E-mail Messages|
For general articles on electronic chemistry conferences,
- To provide a novel, near-instant and very low cost forum for
organic chemists wishing to discuss the most exciting and topical
developments in the chemistry of carbon-containing molecules. Invited and submitted contributions from all areas of
contemporary organic chemistry, including synthesis, structure,
mechanism, physical organic, new materials, bio-organic and
computational studies were included.
- A simple mechanism for discussing the conference
contributions using electronic mail techniques was provided.
- Participants were able to acquire "hyperactive" two and three
dimensional representations of molecules under discussion.
- The use of the World-Wide Web as a novel and
complementary mechanism to traditional conferences, talks and
journals was promoted and general awareness amongst the chemical
community of the possibilities of electronic communication media was raised.
- H. S. Rzepa, B. J.
Whitaker and M. J. Winter, J.
Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 1994, 1907
- J. H.
Krieger and D. L. Illman, Chem. & Eng. News, 1994
(December 12), p29; J. H. Krieger, Chem. & Eng.
News, 1995 (August 21) p35
- s. M. Bachrach, J. Chem. Inf. Comp. Science, 1995, 35, 431.
- H. S. Rzepa, Tr.
Analyt. Chem., 1995, 14, 240.
- M. J. Winter,
H. S. Rzepa and B. J. Whitaker, Chem.
Brit., 1995, 685.
The following terms and dates for the conference are set out
below. There was no
limit to the (free) registration to the e-mail discussion list.
Copyright for any contribution resides with the conference organisers,
to facilitate subsequent abstracting and distribution of the
conference proceedings. Scholarly contributions to the conference in
four categories were invited.
- Invited Keynote papers from recognised experts.
- Contributed Papers. These were subjected to independent
refereeing. Papers were expected to report new scientific
results, although some discussion of previous work by the authors was
acceptable. There was no restriction on length, although authors were encouraged
to follow approximate guidelines set by printed journals. Chemical
Abstracts have indicated the following regarding the
conference papers on the conference
CD-ROM; "We will regard them as genuine scholarly works to be
abstracted in the accepted way (assuming that they report new
chemical information and are original publications)" As such we would
not expect such contributions to be re-published elsewhere in the
substantive form as submitted to this conference.
were encouraged to make full use of 'multimedia' techniques in their paper,
and in particular the use of "hyperlinks" within papers that
add value to the discussion. Groups could submit more than one paper if
on significantly different topics, and can also contribute posters.
Each paper has an indicated an e-mail address for all
correspondence in the form of a hyperlink of the
type <A HREF="mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org">author</A>.
- Conference Posters. Abstracts of the posters were
refereed by the conference scientific
Chemical Abstracts have stated following regarding posters; "Whether
we abstract and index the posters will be based on our review of
their individual contents. We will treat such documents as brief
scientific communications suitable for abstracting as long as there
is a clear presentation of a novel finding supported by some
discussion and experimental data or scientific analysis, including
equations, tables, graphs, or structural diagrams, and references".
A prize for the most
meritorious contribution was awarded.
- Electronic Mail discussion of the scholarly contributions is included in the final proceedings.
- Participants contributing a poster or paper to the conference,
were asked to submit an abstract of no more than 250 words or a diagram
summarising the main points, in the form of an e-mail message to
email@example.com, by . Full details are given here. These were refereed by the scientific advisory panel and
contributors were informed whether the abstract was accepted by 5
May, 1995 at the latest. Authors of accepted abstracts were asked to
submit a full version of the paper or poster to the conference editors by 2 June,
1995. Contributions made by this deadline were mounted on the
conference World-Wide Web server by 12 June, 1995.
- Discussion of the scientific contributions using electronic mail
occured for a period of four weeks from 12 June to 7 July,
1995. These discussions have been added to the head of each relevant paper.
- From the 23 June until 17 August, 1995, contributors had
the opportunity to revise their paper or poster if they wished, or
to withdraw it from the conference at this stage. From August
17, the scientific advisory panel
arranged one independent referee to assess the contributions. Contributors were asked
to consider any modifications suggested by referees and to resubmit
final versions if appropriate.
- The on-line revised versions of the papers will
remain so for at least two years after July 14th, 1995. Chemical Abstracts have
agreed to regard the conference proceedings in their final form as
represented on the CD-ROM as genuine scholarly works to be abstracted
in the accepted way.
The World-Wide Web is in essence a document delivery system which is
bounded not so much by the physical restraints of a collection of
paper or a computer disk, but of what is known as the Internet. Its
growth over the last four years is without precedent, and it is being
rapidly adopted by both academic and commercial interests to deliver
a wide variety of digital information. The central metaphor used is
that of the "hyperlink", in which an underlined word or phrase or
image acts as the link to another "document fragment". Document in
this context most often means a collection of structured text, but
images, animations and sounds are also often used. With this
conference, we hope that "chemical" werecome an additional
accepted type. By this we mean that molecular co-ordinates, and
perhaps spectral data, symbolic mathematics and other "semantically"
rich documents can also be hyperlinked. The implications of this are
profound, since no other mechanism for scientific communication has
hitherto been able to offer such features. Suggestions for a new term
which describe the nuances correctly are welcomed. Any improvement on
"chemical collaboratory"? For further reading, consult the following
(conventionally) published papers:
- H. S. Rzepa, B. J. Whitaker and M. J. Winter, J. Chem.
Soc., Chem. Commun., 1994, 1907.
- J. H. Krieger and D. L.
Illman, Chem. & Eng. News, 1994, 1994 (December 12), 29.
- O. Casher, G. Chandramohan, M. Hargreaves, C. Leach, P. Murray-Rust, R. Sayle, H.
S. Rzepa and B. J. Whitaker, J. Chem.
Soc., Perkin Trans 2, 1995, 7..
- An "Internet
Ready" PC, Mac or Unix Workstation (essential).
- The official conference WWW browser is a
Netscape version 1.1N, suitably
configured to read papers and posters and to browse through
e-mail discussions. If you acquired these instructions by means other
than using Netscape itself, you should try to establish whether your
computing support service has a copy. It should also be possible to
acquire Netscape by activating suitable
hyperlinks from within another WWW Browser. Other World-Wide Web
Browsers such as MacWeb/WinWeb or NCSA Mosaic can also be used
- The offical 2D Molfile viewer is ISIS/Draw 1.2 PC/Mac.
You will need to suitably
configure Netscape to recognise molfiles.
- The official 3D coordinate viewer is
RasMol-PC/RasMac Version 2.5 or 2.6 for
rotatable molecular images. You will need to suitably configure
Netscape to recognise molecular coordinates. Try clicking on the
logo above to see if you have succeeded.
- Software to listen to audio clips (optional).
- Software to view MPEG animations (optional).
Click here for the latest information.
Full details of the instuctions for preparing a
paper for submission are available here for reference. We also encouraged authors to
consider making use where appropriate of other "hypermedia" elements
such as graphical images, molecular coordinates, spectra, sounds and
animations. The basic procedure for preparing and submitting a paper
or poster are outlined here.
- Papers should be prepared using Microsoft Word 6,
WordPerfect, Claris Works or any other word processor
capable of saving in Microsoft "rtf" or in "HTML" format.
- The primary preferred document type was
Hypertext-Markup-Language (HTML). Instructions for converting "rtf" to HTML
- Submissions were also accepted in the original word processor
format for conversion to HTML by the conference editors, but any requests to
add hyperlinks and other hypertext related material to the content
were at the editors' discretion.
Submission of material was made using one of the following
mechanisms (in order of preference);
No submissions on paper were accepted.
- By mounting the contribution in the form of HTML on a World-Wide
Web server located at the author's own institution and submitting the
Uniform Resource Locator (URL) of this material by e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Approximately 20 authors took advantage of this route.
- By creating a single
"archive" file of the HTML file and any associated graphical
images and molecular coordinates in "Stuffit", "Compact Pro", "ZIP",
"ARC" and other formats compatible with the program Stuffit Expander,
and "attaching" this file to an electronic mail message sent to email@example.com.
About 30 authors used this mechanism.
- By "attaching" a binary
Word Processor file to an electronic mail message sent to firstname.lastname@example.org. The
binary file should be "uuencoded" (Windows) or "binhex" (Macintosh).
A suitable program which can perform this encoding automatically is
Eudora, available for Windows and Macintosh computers.
About 20 authors used this route.
- Anonymous ftp binary file transfer of a Word Processor file or
"archive" file as defined above, to the server
ftp.ch.ic.ac.uk, to be placed in the directory
ectoc. Approximately ten authors did this.
- As a collection of
binary Word Processor or HTML files written to a 3.5" 720K, 800K
or 1.4 MByte DOS or Macintosh formatted disk and sent by regular post
Department of Chemistry
Imperial College, London, SW7 2AY
We received two contributions in this manner.
Comments on paper or poster were by sending a message to
email@example.com. The number of the paper or
poster as the first numeral in the subject field of your message was requested.
Enclosing Molecules: With this
conference, we introduced an experimental method of "attaching"
reaction schemes or molecules to e-messages.
The intention was as follows;
- To illustrate your argument with a structural diagram, people were asked to use a
structure drawing program such as ISIS/Draw 1.2w, ChemDraw Pro 3.5
or other "tgf" compatible program.
- This was saved as an MDL TEXT based "tgf" format. Molecular coordinates were be saved in "pdb" format.
- An e-mail program such as Eudora, Eudora-PC, Pine,
ELM or Netscape 1.1 itself was used to "attach" the tgf or pdb file with the message. The mail program
had t be configured to recognise
the molfile as having chemical content. See here for further details.
- When the message was received by the ECTOC mailer, the text
discussion and the tgf or pdb file were separated into two files
and each were saved on the conference World-Wide Web server.
- Within those pages,
the attached tgf or pdb file were clearly identified via a hyperlink.
- Clicking on the hyperlink will transfer the tgf or pdb file back to your
computer. For tgf files, ISIS/Draw can be configured to perform this function.
For examples, see here. RasMol was used
for pdb files.
© ECTOC-1. September 21, 1995.