References and Footnotes

[1] J. M. Lehn, Supramolecular Chemistry: Concepts and Perspectives, VCH, New York, 1995, p. 140.

[2] G. M. Whitesides, J. P. Mathias, C. T. Seto, Science 1991, 254, 1312; J. S. Lindsey, New J. Chem. 1991, 15, 153; R. S. Lokey, R. L. Iverson, Nature 1995, 375, 303; R. E. Gillard, F. M. Raymo, J. F. Stoddart, Chem. Eur. J. 1997, 3, 1933.

[3] B. Dietrich, M. W. Hosseini, J. M. Lehn, R. B. Sessions, Helv. Chim. Acta 1985, 68, 289.

[4] F. Vögtle, R. G. Lichtenthaler, Angew. Chem. 1972, 84, 588; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 1972, 11, 535; R. G. Lichtenthaler, F. Vögtle, Chem. Ber. 1973, 106, 1319; F. Vögtle, P. Neumann, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun. 1970, 1464; P. L. Anelli, F. Montanari, S. Quici, ibid. 1983, 194; M. Kanishi, J. I. Kunizaki, J. Inanaga, M. Yamaguchi, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 1981, 54, 3828; F. Vögtle, G. Hohner, Angew. Chem. 1975, 87, 522; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 1975, 14, 497; C. Bolm, K. B. Sharpless, Tetrahedron Lett. 1988, 29, 5101; M. Nakazaki, K. Yamamoto, T. Toya, J. Org. Chem. 1980, 45, 2553; P. Osvath, A. M. Sargeson, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun. 1993, 41.

[5] a) H. Staudinger, J. Meyer, Helv. Chim. Acta 1919, 2, 635; b) Y. G. Gololobov, L. F. Kasukhin, Tetrahedron 1992, 48, 1353; c) Y. G. Gololobov, I. N. Zhmurova, L. F. Kasukhin, ibid. 1981, 37, 437; d) A. W. Johnson, Ylides and Imines of Phosphorus, Wiley, New York, 1993, p. 403.

[6] J. R. Goerlich, M. Farkens, A. Fischer, P. G. Jones, R. Schmutzler, Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 1994, 620, 707; A. N. Chernega, M. Y. Antipin, Y. T. Struchkov, I. E. Boldeskul, M. P. Ponomarchuk, L. F. Kasukhin, V. P. Kukhar, Zh. Obshch. Khim. 1984, 54, 1979; A. N. Chernega, M. Y. Antipin, Y. T. Struchkov, M. P. Ponomarchuk, L. F. Kasukhin, V. P. Kukhar, ibid. 1989, 59, 1256; A. A. Tolmachev, A. N. Kostyuk, E. S. Kozlov, A. P. Polishchuk, A. N. Chernega, ibid. 1992, 62, 2675; C. G. Chidester, J. Szmuszkovicz, D. J. Duchamp, L. G. Laurian, J. P. Freeman, Acta Crystallogr. Sect. C 1988, 44, 1080; G. L. Hillhouse, G. V. Goeden, B. L. Haymore, Inorg. Chem. 1982, 21, 2064; P. Molina, C. López-Leonardo, J. Llamas-Botía, C. Foces-Foces, C. Fernández-Castaño, Tetrahedron 1996, 52, 9629.

[7] M. Alajarín, P. Molina, A. López-Lázaro, C. Foces-Foces, Angew. Chem. 1997, 109, 147; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 1997, 36, 67.

[8] "Strict self-assembly is a case of self-assembly in which the product forms spontaneously upon combining the component parts under the proper conditions. Strict emphasizes that the assembly process is reversible and the product is stable at thermodynamic equilibrium. The product is a direct result of the structures of the component parts. All information for assembly is contained within the subunits or precursor molecules, and neither additional factors nor energy input are required for assembly to occur" J. S. Lindsey, New J. Chem. 1991, 15, 153.

[9] B. C. Janssen, A. Asam, G. Huttner, V. Sernau, L. Zsolnai, Chem. Ber. 1994, 127, 501.

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